Effects of Isothermal Temperature and Soaking Time on Water Quenched Microstructure of Nickel-Based Superalloy GH3536 Semi-Solid Billets

Materials (Basel). 2021 Aug 19;14(16):4668. doi: 10.3390/ma14164668.


Semi-solid billets of GH3536 alloy were prepared by semi-solid isothermal treatment of wrought superalloy method. GH3536 samples were soaked at several semi-solid temperatures (1350 °C, 1360 °C, 1364 °C, and 1367 °C) for 5-120 min. The effects of temperature and soaking time on the microstructure of GH3536 billets were studied. The results indicated that the microstructure was affected by coalescence mechanism, Ostwald ripening mechanism, and breaking up mechanism. Semi-solid microstructure of GH3536 alloy was composed of spherical solid particles and liquid phases, and the liquid phases affected the microstructure greatly. At 1350 °C, the coalescence mechanism was dominant at the early stage of isothermal treatment, then the Ostwald ripening mechanism played a major role for the longer soaking times. At higher temperatures, the breaking up mechanism occurred to form large irregular grains and small spherical grains. As the heating continued, the Ostwald ripening mechanism was dominant. However, at 1364 °C and 1367 °C, the solid grains had irregular shapes and large sizes when the isothermal time was 120 min. The optimum parameters for the preparation of GH3536 semi-solid billets were: temperature of 1364-1367 °C and soaking time of 60-90 min.

Keywords: GH3536 alloy; microstructure; precipitate; semi-solid processing.