Proteomics of Mouse Heart Ventricles Reveals Mitochondria and Metabolism as Major Targets of a Post-Infarction Short-Acting GLP1Ra-Therapy

Int J Mol Sci. 2021 Aug 13;22(16):8711. doi: 10.3390/ijms22168711.


Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death worldwide, making it crucial to search for new therapies to mitigate major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) after a cardiac ischemic episode. Drugs in the class of the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP1Ra) have demonstrated benefits for heart function and reduced the incidence of MACE in patients with diabetes. Previously, we demonstrated that a short-acting GLP1Ra known as DMB (2-quinoxalinamine, 6,7-dichloro-N-[1,1-dimethylethyl]-3-[methylsulfonyl]-,6,7-dichloro-2-methylsulfonyl-3-N-tert-butylaminoquinoxaline or compound 2, Sigma) also mitigates adverse postinfarction left ventricular remodeling and cardiac dysfunction in lean mice through activation of parkin-mediated mitophagy following infarction. Here, we combined proteomics with in silico analysis to characterize the range of effects of DMB in vivo throughout the course of early postinfarction remodeling. We demonstrate that the mitochondrion is a key target of DMB and mitochondrial respiration, oxidative phosphorylation and metabolic processes such as glycolysis and fatty acid beta-oxidation are the main biological processes being regulated by this compound in the heart. Moreover, the overexpression of proteins with hub properties identified by protein-protein interaction networks, such as Atp2a2, may also be important to the mechanism of action of DMB. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD027867.

Keywords: DMB; cellular respiration; early cardiac remodeling; glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists; metabolism; mitochondrion; proteomics.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Computational Biology
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor / agonists
  • Glycolysis
  • Heart Ventricles / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mitochondria, Heart / metabolism*
  • Oxidative Phosphorylation
  • Protein Interaction Maps
  • Proteomics / methods*
  • Quinoxalines / administration & dosage*
  • Quinoxalines / pharmacology
  • Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases / metabolism*
  • Ventricular Remodeling / drug effects*


  • Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor
  • Quinoxalines
  • Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases
  • Atp2a2 protein, mouse