Background: Ovarian endometrioid carcinoma (OEC) shares morphological and molecular features with endometrial endometrioid carcinoma (EEC). Several studies assessed the four TCGA groups of EEC, i.e. POLE-mutated (POLEmut), mismatch repair-deficient (MMRd), no specific molecular profile (NSMP) and p53-abnormal (p53abn), in OEC; however, it is unclear whether the TCGA groups have the same distribution and clinicopathological features between OEC and EEC.
Objective: To assess the distribution and clinicopathological features of the TCGA groups in OEC.
Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out by searching 7 electronic databases from January 2013 to April 2021 for studies assessing the TCGA classification in OEC. Prevalence of each TCGA group in OEC and of FIGO grade 3 and stage>I was pooled using a random-effect model. Prevalence of TCGA groups was compared between OEC and EEC, extracting EEC data from a previous meta-analysis. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression survival analyses were performed for progression-free survival (PFS). A significant p-value<0.05 was adopted.
Results: Four studies with 785 patients were included. The frequency of the TCGA groups in OEC vs EEC was: POLEmut = 5% vs 7.6% (p = 0.594); MMRd = 14.6% vs 29.2% (p < 0.001); p53abn = 14% vs 7.8% (p = 0.097); NSMP = 66.4% vs 55.4% (p = 0.002). The pooled prevalence of FIGO grade 3 was: POLEmut = 19.2%; MMRd = 18.3%; p53abn = 38.1%; NSMP = 14.5%. The pooled prevalence of FIGO stage >I was: POLEmut = 31.6%; MMRd = 42.8%; p53abn = 48.5%; NSMP = 24.6%. Two-, 5- and 10-year PFS was: POLEmut = 100%, 100%, and 100%; MMRd = 89.1%, 82.2% and 73.3%; p53abn = 61.7%, 50.2% and 39.6%; NSMP = 87.7%, 79.6% and 65.5%. The hazard ratio for disease progression (reference = NSMP) was: POLEmut = not estimable (no events); MMRd = 0.825 (p = 0.626); p53abn = 2.786 (p = 0.001).
Conclusion: The prognostic value of the TCGA groups was similar between OEC and EEC, despite the differences in the frequency and pathological features of each group.
Keywords: Cancer; Endometrium; Molecular; Ovary; The Cancer Genome Atlas.
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