The International Thoracic Organ Transplant Registry of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation: Thirty-eighth adult lung transplantation report - 2021; Focus on recipient characteristics

J Heart Lung Transplant. 2021 Oct;40(10):1060-1072. doi: 10.1016/j.healun.2021.07.021. Epub 2021 Jul 31.


For over 30 years, the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) International Thoracic Organ Transplant (TTX) Registry has gathered data regarding transplant procedures, donor and recipient characteristics, and outcomes from a global community of transplant centers. Almost 70,000 adult lung transplant procedures have been reported to the Registry since its inception, each one providing an opportunity for a recipient with end-stage lung disease to regain quality of life and longevity. With each year's report, we provide more detailed analyses on a particular focus theme important to recipient outcomes. Since 2013, these have been donor and recipient age; retransplantation; early graft failure; indication for transplant; allograft ischemic time; multiorgan transplantation; and donor and recipient size matching.1-7 In response to a changing regulatory environment, the ISHLT TTX Registry is undergoing an update in data acquisition, and the patient cohort examined in this report is therefore derived from the same data source or datasets as that examined in the 2019 annual reports.2,8-10 We refer the reader to the 2019 and prior reports for a detailed description of the baseline characteristics of the cohort, and additional core analyses not directly related to the focus explored in this year's report. To complement the 2020 report which focussed on donor characteristics, the goal of this year's report was to focus entirely on changes in recipient factors over the past 3 decades and to identify important recipient characteristics and transplant processes that may influence post-transplant outcomes. Due to small numbers, heart-lung transplant recipient characteristics and transplant outcomes have not been included. This 38th annual adult lung transplant report is hence based on data submitted to the ISHLT TTX Registry on 67,493 adult recipients of deceased recipient transplants between January 1, 1992 and June 30, 2018.

Keywords: lung transplantation; morbidity; post-transplant survival; recipient characteristics; registry.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Global Health
  • Heart Diseases / mortality
  • Heart Diseases / surgery*
  • Heart-Lung Transplantation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases / mortality
  • Lung Diseases / surgery*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Registries*
  • Societies, Medical*
  • Survival Rate / trends
  • Thoracic Surgery*
  • Transplant Recipients / statistics & numerical data*
  • Young Adult