A novel and efficient approach to high-throughput production of HLA-E/peptide monomer for T-cell epitope screening

Sci Rep. 2021 Aug 26;11(1):17234. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-96560-9.

Abstract

Over the past two decades, there has been a great interest in the study of HLA-E-restricted αβ T cells during bacterial and viral infections, including recently SARS-CoV-2 infection. Phenotyping of these specific HLA-E-restricted T cells requires new tools such as tetramers for rapid cell staining or sorting, as well as for the identification of new peptides capable to bind to the HLA-E pocket. To this aim, we have developed an optimal photosensitive peptide to generate stable HLA-E/pUV complexes allowing high-throughput production of new HLA-E/peptide complexes by peptide exchange. We characterized the UV exchange by ELISA and improved the peptide exchange readout using size exclusion chromatography. This novel approach for complex quantification is indeed very important to perform tetramerization of MHC/peptide complexes with the high quality required for detection of specific T cells. Our approach allows the rapid screening of peptides capable of binding to the non-classical human HLA-E allele, paving the way for the development of new therapeutic approaches based on the detection of HLA-E-restricted T cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte / chemistry*
  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte / immunology
  • High-Throughput Screening Assays
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / chemistry*
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / immunology
  • Humans
  • Immunologic Techniques
  • Major Histocompatibility Complex / immunology*
  • Peptides / chemistry*
  • Photochemical Processes
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Conformation
  • T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic / immunology

Substances

  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte
  • HLA-E antigen
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I
  • Peptides