Application of prime editing to the correction of mutations and phenotypes in adult mice with liver and eye diseases

Nat Biomed Eng. 2022 Feb;6(2):181-194. doi: 10.1038/s41551-021-00788-9. Epub 2021 Aug 26.


The use of prime editing-a gene-editing technique that induces small genetic changes without the need for donor DNA and without causing double strand breaks-to correct pathogenic mutations and phenotypes needs to be tested in animal models of human genetic diseases. Here we report the use of prime editors 2 and 3, delivered by hydrodynamic injection, in mice with the genetic liver disease hereditary tyrosinemia, and of prime editor 2, delivered by an adeno-associated virus vector, in mice with the genetic eye disease Leber congenital amaurosis. For each pathogenic mutation, we identified an optimal prime-editing guide RNA by using cells transduced with lentiviral libraries of guide-RNA-encoding sequences paired with the corresponding target sequences. The prime editors precisely corrected the disease-causing mutations and led to the amelioration of the disease phenotypes in the mice, without detectable off-target edits. Prime editing should be tested further in more animal models of genetic diseases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Eye Diseases*
  • Gene Editing* / methods
  • Liver
  • Mice
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype