Recognizing Physical Activities for Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Using Wearable Sensors

Sensors (Basel). 2021 Aug 14;21(16):5479. doi: 10.3390/s21165479.


The research area of activity recognition is fast growing with diverse applications. However, advances in this field have not yet been used to monitor the rehabilitation of individuals with spinal cord injury. Noteworthily, relying on patient surveys to assess adherence can undermine the outcomes of rehabilitation. Therefore, this paper presents and implements a systematic activity recognition method to recognize physical activities applied by subjects during rehabilitation for spinal cord injury. In the method, raw sensor data are divided into fragments using a dynamic segmentation technique, providing higher recognition performance compared to the sliding window, which is a commonly used approach. To develop the method and build a predictive model, a machine learning approach was adopted. The proposed method was evaluated on a dataset obtained from a single wrist-worn accelerometer. The results demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed method in recognizing all of the activities that were examined, and it achieved an overall accuracy of 96.86%.

Keywords: accelerometers; activity recognition; machine learning; spinal cord injury; telerehabilitation; wearable sensors.

MeSH terms

  • Exercise
  • Humans
  • Machine Learning
  • Spinal Cord Injuries*
  • Wearable Electronic Devices*
  • Wrist