Para Sport Development Experiences: Perspectives of Para Swimmers and Parents

Adapt Phys Activ Q. 2021 Aug 27;1-18. doi: 10.1123/apaq.2021-0024. Online ahead of print.


This study examined para swimmers' athlete development experiences from the perspectives and reflections of athletes, and parents of athletes, with a focus on the constraints and challenges experienced. Guided by interpretive phenomenological analysis, 12 participants engaged in the interview process (seven parents and five athletes). Five themes were identified: fundamental skill development, personal connection, coaching, classification, and connecting with others "like me." Through a discussion of the differences in development experiences between the participants in this study and the current literature on athlete development, the authors highlight areas of concern in applying a non-para-specific athlete development model to para swimmers. This study identifies several areas of consideration in the future design of a para athlete development framework or model.

Keywords: awareness; classification; coaches; para athletes; talent development.