Wiad Lek. 2021;74(7):1722-1727.


Objective: The aim: To study peculiarities of morphological and immunohistochemical changes of stomach's mucosa in eosinophilic gastritis in children.

Patients and methods: Materials and methods: 64.1±6.0% patients with eosinophilic gastritis and 35.9±6.0% patients with lymphocytic gastritis participated in our investigation. In order to verify the diagnosis morphological and immunohistochemical diagnostics of the stomach's mucosa was performed in all children. To assess morphological changes in tissues the specimens were colored with hematoxylin, eosin and picrofuchsin by van Gieson's. Indirect streptavidin-peroxydase staining method was used for immunohistochemical investigation and the following indexes were assessed: proliferating cell nuclear antigen - PCNA, Bcl - 2, Вax, Collagen Type ІV, TGFβ and NF-κβ.

Results: Results: Comparative analysis of morphologic investigation has demonstrated that eosinophilic gastritis is characterized by fibrosis and fibroblasts proliferation into basal and superficial parts of mucosa's lamina propria, multiple hemorrhages, thrombosis and erosions on the background of eosinophilic infiltration. Immunohistochemical indexes of cellular restoration in eosinophilic gastritis are characterized by increased proliferative activity and decreased indexes of proapoptotic and antiapoptotic activity. Prevalence of the reaction with the use of monoclonal antibodies to Collagen Type IV in majority of children with eosinophilic gastritis was characterized by separate fragmented foci in basal membranes of superficial epithelium. Remarkable TGFβ immune coloration was detected in majority of children on the background of fibrosis and eosinophilic infiltration of lamina propria. NF-κβ expression in epitheliocytes' cytoplasm and nuclei was uneven. Homogenous remarkable coloration was detected in majority of patients with lymphocytic infiltration of mucosa.

Conclusion: Conclusions: Eosinophilic gastritis course in children is characterized by remarkable inflammation, decreased regeneration of the mucosa, impairment of cellular restoration which is prognostic index of fibrous remodeling development.

Keywords: cellular restoration; children; eosinophilic infiltration; fibrosis.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Enteritis*
  • Eosinophilia* / diagnosis
  • Gastric Mucosa
  • Gastritis* / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen


  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen

Supplementary concepts

  • Eosinophilic enteropathy