A Minimum Rank Approach for Reduction of Environmental Noise in Near-Field Array Antenna Diagnosis

J Imaging. 2019 May 2;5(5):51. doi: 10.3390/jimaging5050051.


A method to filter out the contribution of interference sources in array diagnosis is proposed. The interference-affected near field measured on a surface is treated as a (complex-data) image. This allows to use some modern image processing algorithms. In particular, two strategies widely used in image processing are applied. The first one is the reduction of the amount of information by acquiring only the innovation part of an image, as currently happens in video processing. More specifically, a differential measurement technique is used to formulate the estimation of the array excitations as a sparse recovery problem. The second technique has been recently proposed in video denoising, where the image is split into a low-rank and high-rank part. In particular, in this paper the interference field is filtered out using sparsity as discriminant adopting a mixed minimum ℓ 1 norm and trace norm minimization algorithm. The methodology can be applied to both near and far field measurement ranges. It could be an alternative to the systematic use of anechoic chambers for antenna array testing.

Keywords: 5G communication; antenna array; antenna testing; array diagnosis; compressed sensing; near-field measurements; rank minimization.