Sleep disturbance, psychiatric issues, and employment status of Iranian people living with HIV

BMC Res Notes. 2021 Aug 30;14(1):338. doi: 10.1186/s13104-021-05755-w.


Objectives: There are limited studies on the psychological issues and sleep problems among the Iranian people living with HIV (HIV). In this study, we aimed to assess sleep disorders, psychiatric characteristics, and employment status among Iranian PLWH.

Results: In total, 304 PLWH with a mean age of 40.01 (SD = 9.60) years participated in the study. About 72% of the participants had a global PSQI score of more than 5, with a mean score of 7.71 (SD = 3.31). About 55.6%, 50%, and 67.4% of subjects had abnormal scores for depression, anxiety, and stress. Unemployed participants had 2.13 times more chance (95% CI 1.01-4.53) of having poor sleep quality compared to employed patients, and stress increased its likelihood by 3.18 times (95% CI 1.47-5.88).

Keywords: Employment; HIV; Psychiatric issues; Sleep quality.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Employment
  • HIV Infections* / complications
  • HIV Infections* / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Iran / epidemiology
  • Sleep
  • Sleep Wake Disorders* / epidemiology