Human Taeniasis and Cysticercosis and Related Factors in Phu Tho Province, Northern Vietnam

Korean J Parasitol. 2021 Aug;59(4):369-376. doi: 10.3347/kjp.2021.59.4.369. Epub 2021 Aug 18.


Several factors presumed to facilitate the transmission of Taenia spp. were reported in Vietnam. We conducted a cross-sectional study taking questionnaires from 1,185 participants, and collecting 1,151 sera and 1,036 stool samples in northern Vietnam. Sera were examined for circulating antigens of Taenia solium cysticerci using ELISA, stools for Taenia eggs by Kato-Katz smear, and copro-antigens by ELISA. Ag-ELISA revealed 4.6% antigen positivity, indicating infection with viable cysticerci. Taenia eggs were detected in 1.5% of participants. Copro-antigens were found in 2.8% of participants. Eating raw meat and/or vegetables was significantly associated with the presence of copro-antigen (OR=8.6, 95% CI: 1.16-63.9, P=0.01). Considering the high taeniasis prevalence and the associated threat, public health attention should be given to treat the tapeworm carriers in the projected areas.

Keywords: Taenia solium; Taenia spp.; Vietnam; copro-antigen; cysticercosis; taeniasis.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Cysticercosis* / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Taenia solium*
  • Taeniasis* / epidemiology
  • Vietnam / epidemiology