Nintedanib in progressive interstitial lung diseases: data from the whole INBUILD trial

Eur Respir J. 2022 Mar 17;59(3):2004538. doi: 10.1183/13993003.04538-2020. Print 2022 Mar.


Background: The primary analysis of the INBUILD trial showed that in subjects with progressive fibrosing interstitial lung diseases (ILDs), nintedanib slowed the decline in forced vital capacity (FVC) over 52 weeks. We report the effects of nintedanib on ILD progression over the whole trial.

Methods: Subjects with fibrosing ILDs other than idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, who had ILD progression within the 24 months before screening despite management deemed appropriate in clinical practice, were randomised to receive nintedanib or placebo. Subjects continued on blinded randomised treatment until all subjects had completed the trial. Over the whole trial, mean±sd exposure to trial medication was 15.6±7.2 and 16.8±5.8 months in the nintedanib and placebo groups, respectively.

Results: In the nintedanib (n=332) and placebo (n=331) groups, respectively, the proportions of subjects who had ILD progression (absolute decline in FVC ≥10% predicted) or died were 40.4% and 54.7% in the overall population (hazard ratio (HR) 0.66, 95% CI 0.53-0.83; p=0.0003) and 43.7% and 55.8% among subjects with a usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP)-like fibrotic pattern on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) (HR 0.69, 95% CI 0.53-0.91; p=0.009). In the nintedanib and placebo groups, respectively, the proportions who had an acute exacerbation of ILD or died were 13.9% and 19.6% in the overall population (HR 0.67, 95% CI 0.46-0.98; p=0.04) and 15.0% and 22.8% among subjects with a UIP-like fibrotic pattern on HRCT (HR 0.62, 95% CI 0.39-0.97; p=0.03).

Conclusion: Based on data from the whole INBUILD trial, nintedanib reduced the risk of events indicating ILD progression.

Trial registration: NCT02999178.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Disease Progression
  • Humans
  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis* / drug therapy
  • Indoles
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial* / diagnosis
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial* / drug therapy
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / adverse effects
  • Vital Capacity


  • Indoles
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • nintedanib

Associated data