Insights on the bioremediation technologies for pesticide-contaminated soils

Environ Geochem Health. 2022 Apr;44(4):1329-1354. doi: 10.1007/s10653-021-01081-z. Epub 2021 Sep 2.


The fast pace of increasing human population has led to enhanced crop production, due to which a significant increase in the application of pesticides has been recorded worldwide. Following the enhancement in the utilization of pesticides, the degree of environmental pollution, particularly soil pollution, has increased. To address this challenge, different methods of controlling and eliminating such contaminants have been proposed. Various methods have been reported to eradicate or reduce the degree of contamination of pesticides in the soil. Several factors are crucial for soil contamination, including pH, temperature, the number, and type/nature of soil microorganisms. Among the accessible techniques, some of them respond better to contamination removal. One of these methods is bioremediation, and it is one of the ideal solutions for pollution reduction. In this innovative technique, microorganisms are utilized to decompose environmental pollutants or to curb pollution. This paper gives detailed insight into various strategies used for the reduction and removal of soil pollution.

Keywords: Bioremediation; Microorganisms; Pesticides; Soil pollution.

MeSH terms

  • Biodegradation, Environmental
  • Humans
  • Pesticides* / analysis
  • Soil / chemistry
  • Soil Microbiology
  • Soil Pollutants* / analysis


  • Pesticides
  • Soil
  • Soil Pollutants