Evaluation of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) as an industrial crop: a review

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2021 Oct;28(38):52832-52843. doi: 10.1007/s11356-021-16264-5. Epub 2021 Sep 2.


Rising human population has increased the utilization of available resources for food, clothes, medicine, and living space, thus menacing natural environment and mounting the gap between available resources, and the skills to meet human desires is necessary. Humans are satisfying their desires by depleting available natural resources. Therefore, multifunctional plants can contribute towards the livelihoods of people, to execute their life requirements without degrading natural resources. Thus, research on multipurpose industrial crops should be of high interest among scientists. Hemp, or industrial hemp, is gaining research interest because of its fastest growth and utilization in commercial products including textile, paper, medicine, food, animal feed, paint, biofuel, biodegradable plastic, and construction material. High biomass production and ability to grow under versatile conditions make hemp, a good candidate species for remediation of polluted soils also. Present review highlights the morphology, adaptability, nutritional constituents, textile use, and medicinal significance of industrial hemp. Moreover, its usage in environmental conservation, building material, and biofuel production has also been discussed.

Keywords: Bast fiber;; Biofuel;; Building material;; Environmental conservation;; Industrial hemp;; Livestock feed;; Medicinal value;; Nutritional quality.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Allergens
  • Animals
  • Biofuels
  • Biomass
  • Cannabis*
  • Humans
  • Industry


  • Allergens
  • Biofuels