Objectives: To evaluate the perspectives and clinical practice of physiotherapists regarding rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR).
Design: Online survey.
Setting: Survey platform.
Participants: Greek physiotherapists.
Outcome measures: The survey consisted of 7 sections: participant demographics, importance of ACLR rehabilitation, clinical measurements, practice, criteria to progress rehabilitation, return to running and return to sport.
Results: Significant variability in measures and criteria used for clinical decision-making were found including: limb symmetry in strength and function, knee range of motion and effusion, progression, and return to sport criteria. The majority of the practitioners (28.3%) extrapolate knee strength from hop capacity. Return to running ranged from 3 to 5 months post-operatively reflecting that this was tied to physical capacities, not time from surgery. 70.0% of the Greek physiotherapists would allow return to sport ≤9 months after ACLR. Agreement was found in using: physical measures, function, and dynamic stability in ACLR rehabilitation, but the mode and interpretation varied substantially. Less than 29.0% of the physiotherapists reported using patient-reported outcome measures in their decision-making.
Conclusion: Current ACLR rehabilitation practices in Greece are largely not aligned with the contemporary scientific evidence and guidelines.
Keywords: Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction; Physical therapy; Rehabilitation; Return to sport.
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