Pedunculated early colorectal cancer with nodal metastasis: a case report

World J Surg Oncol. 2021 Sep 3;19(1):269. doi: 10.1186/s12957-021-02382-4.


Background: Pedunculated polyps are more likely to be amenable to complete resection than non-pedunculated early colorectal cancers and rarely require additional surgery. We encountered a patient with a pedunculated early colorectal cancer that consisted of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with lymphatic invasion. We performed an additional bowel resection and found nodal metastasis.

Case presentation: A 43-year-old woman underwent colonoscopy after a positive fecal occult blood test. The colonoscopist found a 20-mm pedunculated polyp in the descending colon and performed endoscopic resection. Histopathologic examination revealed non-solid type poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. The lesion invaded the submucosa (3500 μm from the muscularis mucosa) and demonstrated lymphatic invasion. In spite of the early stage of this cancer, the patient was considered at high risk for nodal metastasis. She was referred to our institution, where she underwent bowel resection. Although there was no residual cancer after her endoscopic resection, a metastatic lesion was found in one regional lymph node. The patient is undergoing postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy, and there has been no evidence of recurrence 3 months after the second surgery.

Conclusions: Additional bowel resection is indicated for patients with pedunculated polyps and multiple risk factors for nodal metastasis, such as poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and lymphatic invasion. We encountered just such a patient who did have a nodal metastasis; herein, we report her case history with a review of the literature.

Keywords: Early colorectal cancer; Pedunculated polyp; Poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma* / surgery
  • Adult
  • Colonoscopy
  • Colorectal Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  • Prognosis