Chlordane exposure causes developmental delay and metabolic disorders in Drosophila melanogaster

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2021 Dec 1:225:112739. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2021.112739. Epub 2021 Sep 1.


The incidence of metabolic diseases is increasing every year, and several studies have highlighted the activity of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in causing hyperlipidemia and diabetes, and these compounds are considered to be endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). Chlordane is classified as an endocrine disruptor, but the mechanism of how it functions is still unclear. This study investigates the effects of chlordane exposure on Drosophila larvae. Drosophila was cultured in diet containing 0.01 μM, 0.1 μM, 1 μM, 5 μM, and 10 μM chlordane, and the toxicity of chlordane, the growth and development of Drosophila, the homeostasis of glucose and lipid metabolism and insulin signaling pathway, lipid peroxidation-related indicators and Nrf2 signaling pathway were evaluated. We here found that exposure to high concentrations of chlordane decreased the survival rate of Drosophila and that exposure to low concentrations of chlordane caused disruption of glucose and lipid metabolism, increased insulin secretion and impairment of insulin signaling. Notably, it also led to massive ROS production and lipid peroxidation despite of the activation of Nrf2 signaling pathway, an important pathway for maintaining redox homeostasis. Collectively, chlordane causes lipid peroxidation and disrupts redox homeostasis, which may be a potential mechanism leading to impaired insulin signaling and the metabolism of glucose and lipid, ultimately affects Drosophila development.

Keywords: Chlordane; Drosophila melanogaster; Glucose and lipid metabolism; Oxidative stress.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chlordan
  • Drosophila melanogaster
  • Endocrine Disruptors*
  • Insulin
  • Metabolic Diseases*


  • Endocrine Disruptors
  • Insulin
  • Chlordan