Quality of life in a randomized phase II study to determine the optimal dose of 3-week cycle nab-paclitaxel in patients with metastatic breast cancer

Breast Cancer. 2021 Sep 7;1-13. doi: 10.1007/s12282-021-01290-5. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Background: To report our findings on quality of life (QoL) in a randomized phase II study to determine the optimal dose of 3-week cycle nab-paclitaxel (q3w nab-PTX) in patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC).

Methods: Patients with HER2-negative MBC were randomly assigned to three different doses of q3w nab-PTX (SD 260 mg/m2 vs. MD: 220 mg/m2 vs. LD 180 mg/m2). QoL was assessed at baseline and during the second, fourth and sixth courses of treatment using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Taxane (FACT-Taxane), Cancer Fatigue Scale (CFS) and EuroQol 5-Dimension (EQ-5D). Comparisons were performed with mixed-model repeated measures (MMRM).

Results: A total of 141 patients were enrolled in the parent study, and 136 (96%) (44, 45 and 47 in the SD, MD, and LD groups) were included in the analysis. MMRM analysis showed that the difference from the baseline FACT-Taxane trial outcome index at MD and LD were significantly higher than that at SD (MD vs. SD P < 0.001, LD vs. SD P < 0.001). Differences from baseline for FACT-Taxane total, physical and emotional well-being, and taxane subscale scores at MD and LD were also higher than at SD. The difference from baseline for the CFS score at LD was lower than at SD (P = 0.013) and those for EQ-5D utility scores at MD and LD were higher than at SD (MD vs. SD P = 0.011, LD vs. SD P < 0.001).

Conclusion: QoL of patients treated with 220 or 180 mg/m2 of q3w nab-PTX was significantly better than that of patients treated with 260 mg/m2.

Trial registration: The protocol was registered at the website of the University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN), Japan (protocol ID: UMIN000015516), on 01/11/2014. Details are available at the following address: https://upload.umin.ac.jp/cgi-open-bin/ctr_e/ctr_view.cgi?recptno=R000017916.

Keywords: CIPN; Chemotherapy; Fatigue; Metastatic breast cancer; Nab-paclitaxel; QoL.