Rab7b regulates dendritic cell migration by linking lysosomes to the actomyosin cytoskeleton

J Cell Sci. 2021 Sep 8;jcs.259221. doi: 10.1242/jcs.259221. Online ahead of print.


Lysosomal signaling facilitates the migration of immune cells by releasing calcium to activate the actin-based motor myosin II at the cell rear. However, how the actomyosin cytoskeleton physically associates to lysosomes is unknown. We have previously identified myosin II as a direct interactor of Rab7b, a small GTPase that mediates the transport from late endosomes/lysosomes to the TGN. Here, we show that Rab7b regulates the migration of dendritic cells (DCs) in 1- and 3-dimensional environments. DCs are immune sentinels that transport antigens from peripheral tissues to lymph nodes to activate T lymphocytes and initiate adaptive immune responses. We found that lack of Rab7b reduces myosin II light chain phosphorylation and the activation of the transcription factor EB (TFEB), which controls lysosomal signaling and is required for fast DC migration. Furthermore, we demonstrate that Rab7b interacts with the lysosomal calcium channel TRPML1, enabling the local activation of myosin II at the cell rear. Altogether, our findings identify Rab7b as the missing physical link between lysosomes and the actomyosin cytoskeleton, allowing control of immune cell migration through lysosomal signaling.

Keywords: Actomyosin; Cell migration; Dendritic cells; Rab proteins; Rab7b.