Anti-ADAMTS13 autoantibody profiling in patients with immune-mediated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

Blood Adv. 2021 Sep 14;5(17):3427-3435. doi: 10.1182/bloodadvances.2020004172.


Anti-A Disintegrin and Metalloproteinase with a ThromboSpondin type 1 motif, member 13 (ADAMTS13) autoantibodies cause a severe ADAMTS13 deficiency in immune-mediated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (iTTP). ADAMTS13 consists of a metalloprotease (M), a disintegrin-like (D) domain, 8 thrombospondin type 1 repeats (T1-T8), a cysteine-rich (C), a spacer (S), and 2 CUB domains (CUB1-2). We recently developed a high-throughput epitope mapping assay based on small, nonoverlapping ADAMTS13 fragments (M, DT, CS, T2-T5, T6-T8, CUB1-2). With this assay, we performed a comprehensive epitope mapping using 131 acute-phase samples and for the first time a large group of remission samples (n = 50). Next, samples were stratified according to their immunoprofiles, a field that is largely unexplored in iTTP. Three dominant immunoprofiles were found in acute-phase samples: profile 1: only anti-CS autoantibodies (26.7%); profile 2: both anti-CS and anti-CUB1-2 autoantibodies (12.2%); and profile 3: anti-DT, anti-CS, anti-T2-T5, anti-T6-T8, and anti-CUB1-2 autoantibodies (8.4%). Interestingly, profile 1 was the only dominant immunoprofile in remission samples (52.0%). Clinical data were available for a relatively small number of patients with acute iTTP (>68), and no correlation was found between immunoprofiles and disease severity. Nevertheless, profile 1 was linked with younger and anti-T2-T5 autoantibodies with older age and the absence of anti-CUB1-2 autoantibodies with cerebral involvement. In conclusion, identifying acute phase and remission immunoprofiles in iTTP revealed that anti-CS autoantibodies seem to persist or reappear during remission providing further support for the clinical development of a targeted anti-CS autoantibody therapy. A large cohort study with acute iTTP samples will validate possible links between immunoprofiles or anti-domain autoantibodies and clinical data.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Autoantibodies
  • Cohort Studies
  • Humans
  • Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic*
  • Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic*
  • Thrombospondin 1


  • Autoantibodies
  • Thrombospondin 1