Robot-Assisted Radical Nephroureterectomy

J Endourol. 2021 Sep;35(S2):S122-S131. doi: 10.1089/end.2020.1074.

Abstract

First proposed by Kimball and Ferris in 1933 for the treatment of papillary tumors in the upper urinary tract, radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) with bladder cuff excision remains the gold standard for management of high-risk upper tract urothelial carcinoma involving the proximal ureter and/or pelvicaliceal system. Over three decades since the first description of laparoscopic RNU, minimally invasive approaches to RNU have continued to evolve and become increasingly utilized. More recently, robot-assisted RNU (RARNU) has increasingly become a viable approach. Specifically, RARNU affords a reduction in perioperative morbidity and improved convalescence as a minimally invasive approach, all while adhering to traditional open surgical principles and providing surgeons with improved technical ergonomics and streamlined operating room logistics, particularly with the advent of the da Vinci Xi platform. In this study, we describe our approach to transperitoneal RARNU, including indications, operating room setup, step-by-step surgical technique, and perioperative care.

Keywords: minimally invasive surgery; radical nephroureterectomy; robotics; upper tract urothelial carcinoma.

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Nephrectomy
  • Nephroureterectomy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Robotics*
  • Ureter* / surgery
  • Ureteral Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms*