Abietane Diterpenoids from the Hairy Roots of Salvia corrugata

Molecules. 2021 Aug 25;26(17):5144. doi: 10.3390/molecules26175144.


Salvia corrugata Vahl. is an interesting source of abietane and abeo-abietane compounds that showed antibacterial, antitumor, and cytotoxic activities. The aim of the study was to obtain transformed roots of S. corrugata and to evaluate the production of terpenoids in comparison with in vivo root production. Hairy roots were initiated from leaf explants by infection with ATCC 15834 Agrobacterium rhizogenes onto hormone-free Murashige and Skoog (MS) solid medium. Transformation was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction analysis of rolC and virC1 genes. The biomass production was obtained in hormone-free liquid MS medium using Temporary Immersion System bioreactor RITA®. The chromatographic separation of the methanolic extract of the untransformed roots afforded horminone, ferruginol, 7-O-acetylhorminone and 7-O-methylhorminone. Agastol and ferruginol were isolated and quantified from the hairy roots. The amount of these metabolites indicated that the hairy roots of S. corrugata can be considered a source of these compounds.

Keywords: abietane diterpenoids; agastol; ferruginol; in vitro tissue culture; temporary immersion system (TIS).

MeSH terms

  • Abietanes / chemistry*
  • Agrobacterium / chemistry
  • Agrobacterium / genetics
  • Biomass
  • Bioreactors
  • Culture Media / chemistry
  • Diterpenes / chemistry*
  • Plant Roots / chemistry*
  • Plant Roots / genetics
  • Plants, Genetically Modified / chemistry
  • Plants, Genetically Modified / genetics
  • Salvia / chemistry*
  • Salvia / genetics
  • Transformation, Genetic / genetics


  • 7-O-acetylhorminone
  • Abietanes
  • Culture Media
  • Diterpenes
  • abietane
  • ferruginol
  • horminone

Supplementary concepts

  • Agrobacterium rhizogenes