Pouteria lucuma Pulp and Skin: In Depth Chemical Profile and Evaluation of Antioxidant Activity

Molecules. 2021 Aug 29;26(17):5236. doi: 10.3390/molecules26175236.


Pouteria lucuma Ruiz and Pav., known as the 'Gold of the Incas' or 'lucuma', is a subtropical fruit belonging to the Sapotaceae family, with a very sweet flavor, used to prepare cakes, ice creams as well as in the baking and dairy industries. To date, the content of primary metabolites is known, but little information is reported about the composition in specialized metabolites. Moreover, no study is reported on skin which represent an important agricultural waste due to the high demand for lucuma. In order to have a preliminary metabolite profile of Pouteria lucuma, the extracts of pulp and skin have been analyzed by LC-ESI/LTQOrbitrap/MS/MS in negative ion mode. The careful analysis of the accurate masses, of the molecular formulas and of the ESI/MS spectra allowed to identify specialized metabolites belonging to phenolic, flavonoid and polar lipid classes. The LC-MS/MS analysis guided the isolation of compounds occurring in the pulp extract whose structures have been characterized by spectroscopic methods including 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments and ESI-MS analysis. Furthermore, the phenolic content of the extracts along with the antioxidant activity of extracts and isolated compounds was evaluated.

Keywords: LC-ESI/LTQOrbitrap/MS; Pouteria lucuma; antioxidant activity; flavonoids; polar lipids.

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / chemistry*
  • Flavonoids / chemistry*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry*
  • Pouteria / chemistry*
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry


  • Antioxidants
  • Flavonoids
  • Plant Extracts