Challenges and Future Perspectives of Promising Biotechnologies for Lignocellulosic Biorefinery

Molecules. 2021 Sep 6;26(17):5411. doi: 10.3390/molecules26175411.


Lignocellulose is a kind of renewable bioresource containing abundant polysaccharides, which can be used for biochemicals and biofuels production. However, the complex structure hinders the final efficiency of lignocellulosic biorefinery. This review comprehensively summarizes the hydrolases and typical microorganisms for lignocellulosic degradation. Moreover, the commonly used bioprocesses for lignocellulosic biorefinery are also discussed, including separated hydrolysis and fermentation, simultaneous saccharification and fermentation and consolidated bioprocessing. Among these methods, construction of microbial co-culturing systems via consolidated bioprocessing is regarded as a potential strategy to efficiently produce biochemicals and biofuels, providing theoretical direction for constructing efficient and stable biorefinery process system in the future.

Keywords: biorefinery; enzymatic hydrolysis; lignocellulose; microbial fermentation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biofuels
  • Biomass
  • Biotechnology / methods*
  • Coculture Techniques
  • Fermentation
  • Humans
  • Hydrolysis
  • Lignin / chemistry*
  • Lignin / metabolism
  • Polysaccharides / chemistry*
  • Polysaccharides / metabolism


  • Biofuels
  • Polysaccharides
  • lignocellulose
  • Lignin