Genetics Variants in the Epoxygenase Pathway of Arachidonic Metabolism Are Associated with Eicosanoids Levels and the Risk of Diabetic Nephropathy

J Clin Med. 2021 Sep 2;10(17):3980. doi: 10.3390/jcm10173980.


Genes in the epoxygenase pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism leading to vasoactive eicosanoids, mainly 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic (20-HETE) and epoxyeicosatrienoic (EETs) acids, have been related to glucose-induced renal damage in preclinical reports. We genotyped 1088 diabetic kidney disease (DKD) patients and controls for seven polymorphisms in five genes (CYP2C8, CYP2J2, CYP4F2, CYP4A11, and EPHX2) along this metabolic route and evaluated their effect on DKD risk, clinical outcomes, and the plasma/urine levels of eicosanoids measured by LC/MS/MS and immunoenzymatic assays. The CYP4F2 433M variant allele was associated with lower incidence of DKD (OR = 0.65 (0.48-0.90), p = 0.008), whilst the CYP2C8*3/*3 genotype was related to increased risk (OR = 3.21 (1.05-9.87), p = 0.036). Patients carrying the 433M allele also showed lower eGFR [median and interquartile range vs. wildtype carriers: 30.8 (19.8) and 33.0 (23.2) mL/min/1.73 m2, p = 0.037). Finally, the 433VM/MM variant genotypes were associated with lower urinary levels of 20-HETE compared with 433VV (3.14 (0.86) vs. 8.45 (3.69) ng/mg Creatinine, p = 0.024). Our results indicate that the CYP4F2 V433M polymorphism, by decreasing 20-HETE levels, may play an important role in DKD.

Keywords: CYP4F2; chronic kidney disease; diabetes mellitus; diabetic kidney disease.