Benchmarking care outcomes for young adults with type 1 diabetes in Australia after transition to adult care

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab. 2021 Oct;4(4):e00295. doi: 10.1002/edm2.295. Epub 2021 Sep 9.


Aim: To determine advantages conferred by a youth-specific transition clinic model for young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) at Westmead Hospital (WH) as compared with Australian registry data.

Methods: Prospectively collected data included age, diabetes duration, visit frequency, post code, BMI, mode of insulin delivery, continuous glucose monitoring, HbA1c, albumin creatinine ratio, BP, retinopathy and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) for all WH T1D clinic attendees aged 16-25 between January 2017 and June 2018 (n = 269). Results were compared with data collected during the same time period from 2 separate Australian data registries, one longitudinal (Australasian Diabetes Data Network, ADDN) and one a spot survey (the Australian National Diabetes Audit, ANDA).

Results: Across the three cohorts, HbA1c was similar (respectively, WH, ADDN, ANDA; 8.7%[72mmol/mol], 8.7%[72mmol/mol], 8.5%[69mmol/mol]) and HbA1c was significantly higher in young adults <21 years (8.7-8.9%[73-75mmol/mol]) as compared with ≥21 years (8.5%[69mmol/mol], p < .002). In the WH cohort, median interval between visits was shorter than in ADDN (4.5 vs. 9.0 months) and DKA was lower (respectively, 3.6 and 9.2/100 patient years; p < .001).

Conclusions: While suboptimal HbA1c was recorded in all centres, the WH model of care saw increased attendance and reduced admissions with DKA as compared with other Australian adult centres.

Keywords: care outcomes; type 1 diabetes; young adults.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Benchmarking
  • Blood Glucose
  • Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Transition to Adult Care*
  • Young Adult


  • Blood Glucose