GRAND: a database of gene regulatory network models across human conditions

Nucleic Acids Res. 2022 Jan 7;50(D1):D610-D621. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkab778.


Gene regulation plays a fundamental role in shaping tissue identity, function, and response to perturbation. Regulatory processes are controlled by complex networks of interacting elements, including transcription factors, miRNAs and their target genes. The structure of these networks helps to determine phenotypes and can ultimately influence the development of disease or response to therapy. We developed GRAND ( as a database for computationally-inferred, context-specific gene regulatory network models that can be compared between biological states, or used to predict which drugs produce changes in regulatory network structure. The database includes 12 468 genome-scale networks covering 36 human tissues, 28 cancers, 1378 unperturbed cell lines, as well as 173 013 TF and gene targeting scores for 2858 small molecule-induced cell line perturbation paired with phenotypic information. GRAND allows the networks to be queried using phenotypic information and visualized using a variety of interactive tools. In addition, it includes a web application that matches disease states to potentially therapeutic small molecule drugs using regulatory network properties.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Databases, Genetic*
  • Databases, Pharmaceutical*
  • Gene Expression Regulation / genetics
  • Gene Regulatory Networks / genetics*
  • Genome, Human / genetics
  • Humans
  • MicroRNAs / classification
  • MicroRNAs / genetics
  • Software*
  • Transcription Factors / classification
  • Transcription Factors / genetics


  • MicroRNAs
  • Transcription Factors