Trending Nutrition Controversies #3: Top Controversies in 2021

Am J Med. 2022 Feb;135(2):146-156. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2021.07.046. Epub 2021 Sep 9.


Each year, patients are bombarded with diverging and even contradictory reports concerning the impact of certain additives, foods, and nutrients on cardiovascular health and its risk factors. Accordingly, this third review of nutrition controversies examines the impact of artificial sweeteners, cacao, soy, plant-based meats, nitrates, and meats from grass compared to grain-fed animals on cardiovascular and other health outcomes with the goal of optimizing clinician-led diet counseling.

Keywords: Artificial sweeteners; Chocolate; Grass- vs corn-fed meats; Nutrition; Plant-based meats; Plant-based nitrates; Soy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena / drug effects*
  • Diet / standards*
  • Food Analysis
  • Humans
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
  • Nutritional Sciences*