Overview of Pathogenesis, Diagnostics, and Therapeutics of Infectious Diseases: Dengue and Zika

ACS Omega. 2021 Aug 26;6(35):22487-22496. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.1c03536. eCollection 2021 Sep 7.


The emergence of more virulent SARS virus has made scientists look back at other so-called neglected diseases such as dengue, Zika, and chikungunya, etc. Until recently these neglected diseases have not received much attention for their control or elimination from society. Over the past decade several attempts to investigate the pathogenicity, diagnostic, and therapeutic strategies for flavivirus caused diseases have been made. Herein we have reviewed the progress made toward the detection and treatment of two diseases-dengue and Zika. The above flavivirus related pathogenesis is concerned with the host immune system and known to be mediated through various receptors along with antibody-mediated disease enhancement. Moreover, researchers have been progressing toward discovering new drugs and therapeutic methods that target various stages of the flavivirus life cycle to minimize the above caused mortality and morbidity. The available diagnostics are based on serological, small molecule detection systems and point-of-care sensing devices. In this work, we have reviewed the advancements made toward understanding the pathogenesis, diagnostics, and therapeutics of the viral diseases caused by dengue and Zika.

Publication types

  • Review