Nutrition and cellular senescence in obesity-related disorders

J Nutr Biochem. 2021 Sep 10;108861. doi: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2021.108861. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Adequate nutrition is vital for immune homeostasis. However, the incidence of obesity is increasing worldwide due to the adoption of the Western diet and a sedentary lifestyle. Obesity is associated with chronic inflammation which alters the function of adipose tissue, liver, pancreas, and the nervous system. Inflammation is related to cellular senescence, distinguished by irreversible cell cycle arrest. Senescent cells secrete the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) which contains pro-inflammatory factors. Targeting processes in senescence might have a salutary approach to obesity. The present review highlights the impact of an unhealthy diet on tissues affected by obesity, and the mechanisms that promote the consequent inflammation and senescence.

Keywords: aging; diet; inflammation; microbiota obesity; senescence.

Publication types

  • Review