A bivalent binding aptamer-cDNA on MoS2 nanosheets based fluorescent aptasensor for detection of aflatoxin M1

Talanta. 2021 Dec 1:235:122779. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2021.122779. Epub 2021 Aug 4.

Abstract

To ensure the safety of dairy products, especially milk, and consequently protect human health, accurate and simple analytical techniques are highly necessary to determine the low concentration of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) as an important carcinogen. Herein, a novel, accurate and simple fluorescent aptasensor was designed for selective detection of AFM1 based on bivalent binding aptamer-cDNA (BBA-cDNA) structure. Moreover, MoS2 nanosheets (MoS2 NSs) were used as the fluorescent quencher and FAM-labeled complementary strand of aptamer (FAM-CS) was applied as a fluorescent probe. In this study, we achieved a new result. Unlike previous studies, in this work, the BBA-cDNA structure was not disassembled in the presence of the target. Therefore, as the AFM1 concentration increased, more targets were attached to the BBA-cDNA structure and as a result, the BBA-cDNA structure/AFM1 could not be placed on the surface of MoS2 NSs, leading to the more fluorescent intensity detection. Under optimized conditions, the developed fluorescent analytical method revealed great selectivity toward AFM1 with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.5 nM and a linear range from 0.7 to 10 nM. This fabricated aptasensor indicated excellent analytical performance for AFM1 detection in milk samples with LOD of 0.1 nM. Overall, the proposed approach could provide an effective basis for small molecule analysis to guarantee food and human safety using appropriate aptamer sequences.

Keywords: Aptamer; BBA-cDNA structure; CS release; Fluorescence detection; Milk.

MeSH terms

  • Aflatoxin M1 / analysis
  • Animals
  • Aptamers, Nucleotide*
  • Biosensing Techniques*
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Humans
  • Limit of Detection
  • Milk / chemistry
  • Molybdenum

Substances

  • Aptamers, Nucleotide
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Aflatoxin M1
  • Molybdenum