Chemical modifications of RNA molecules can affect translation in multiple ways. Therefore, it is critical to understand how their absence changes cellular translation dynamics and in particular codon-specific translation. In this chapter, we discuss the application of ribosome profiling to analyze changes in codon-specific translation and differential translation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and human cells.
Keywords: Codon-specific translation; RNA modification; Ribosome profiling; tRNA.
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