The mortality risk factors for coronavirus disease (COVID-19) must be early predicted, especially for severe cases, to provide intensive care before they develop to critically ill immediately. This paper aims to develop an optimized convolution neural network (CNN) for predicting mortality risk factors for COVID-19 patients. The proposed model supports two types of input data clinical variables and the computed tomography (CT) scans. The features are extracted from the optimized CNN phase and then applied to the classification phase. The CNN model's hyperparameters were optimized using a proposed genetic-based adaptive momentum estimation (GB-ADAM) algorithm. The GB-ADAM algorithm employs the genetic algorithm (GA) to optimize Adam optimizer's configuration parameters, consequently improving the classification accuracy. The model is validated using three recent cohorts from New York, Mexico, and Wuhan, consisting of 3055, 7497,504 patients, respectively. The results indicated that the most significant mortality risk factors are: CD T Lymphocyte (Count), D-dimer greater than 1 Ug/ml, high values of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), C-reactive protein (CRP), hypertension, and diabetes. Early identification of these factors would help the clinicians in providing immediate care. The results also show that the most frequent COVID-19 signs in CT scans included ground-glass opacity (GGO), followed by crazy-paving pattern, consolidations, and the number of lobes. Moreover, the experimental results show encouraging performance for the proposed model compared with different predicting models.
Keywords: artificial intelligence; classification algorithms; deep learning; evolutionary computation; genetic algorithms; hybrid intelligent systems; medical diagnostic; predictive model.
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