Community-Based HIV Testing for Urban Youth in Western Kenya

AIDS Behav. 2022 Mar;26(3):814-821. doi: 10.1007/s10461-021-03441-3. Epub 2021 Sep 14.


Youth aged 15-24 years comprise 48% of new HIV infections and 15% of persons living with HIV in Kisumu County, Kenya. We assessed factors associated with HIV infection among youth participating in the Community Health Initiative (CHI) implemented in an urban informal settlement in 2018. Predictors of HIV infection were assessed by multivariable logistic regression. CHI engaged 4,441 youth through community health campaigns and home-based HIV testing. HIV prevalence was 3.5% overall and 7.1% among young women aged 20-24. There were 24 youth newly identified as HIV-positive out of 157 total HIV-positive youth. HIV-positive status was positively associated with being female (aOR = 2.46; 95% CI 1.57, 3.84) and aged 20-24 (aOR = 2.40; 95% CI 1.52, 3.79), and inversely associated with secondary school education or higher (aOR = 0.27; 95% CI 0.16, 0.44). Our findings highlight the need for HIV prevention programs specially tailored for youth to further reduce new HIV infections in this priority population.

Keywords: Adolescents; Community-based testing; Education; HIV; Sexual behaviour; Youth.

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • HIV Infections* / diagnosis
  • HIV Infections* / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections* / prevention & control
  • HIV Testing
  • Humans
  • Kenya / epidemiology
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Young Adult