Gastrojejunal Anastomotic Stricture Following Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: an Analysis of Anastomotic Technique at a Single Institution

Obes Surg. 2021 Sep 13. doi: 10.1007/s11695-021-05678-2. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Purpose: Patients undergoing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are at risk of developing strictures of the gastrojejunal anastomosis (GJA). Several variables can affect this, one of which may be the method of anastomosis. Between 2010 and 2014, our institution utilized three different anastomotic techniques for creating the GJA (25 mm end-to-end circular-stapled (CS), linear-stapled (LS), and robotic hand sewn (HS)). Our objectives were to compare the method of GJA relative to the subsequent development of anastomotic stricture.

Methods: We queried our electronic health record for all patients who underwent an upper endoscopy (EGD) after RYGB (2010-2014). Patient charts were retrospectively reviewed for type of GJA, weight loss, complications, interventions, and revisions of the GJA.

Results: In total, 1112 RYGB were performed at our institute, and 17.4% of patients (194/1112) had an upper endoscopy (EGD). Overall, 3.1% (34/1112) were found to have a stricture of the GJA. Patients undergoing a CS, LS, and HS anastomosis had GJA stricture rates of 4.9%, 0.5%, and 1.2% respectively (CS to LS (p < 0.05), p = NS among CS vs. HS, and LS vs. HS). The rate of GJA revision was 1.5%, 0.5%, and 0.1% (p = NS). In patients who had an EGD, excess BMI loss was 57.4%, 64.6%, and 59.2% (p = NS). In patients symptomatic from strictures, excess BMI loss was 69.4%, 83%, and 63.5% respectively (p = NS).

Conclusion: The anastomotic technique for creating of the GJA may impact the formation of strictures. Based on our experience, gastrojejunostomies created with a 2-mm EEA-stapling technique are at higher risk of strictures.

Keywords: Endoscopic dilation; Gastrojejunal anastomosis; Roux-en-Y gastric bypass; Stricture; Upper endoscopy.