Proteins carry out life's essential functions. Comprehensive proteome analysis technologies are thus required for a full understanding of the operating principles of biological systems. While current proteomics techniques suffer from limitations in sensitivity and/or throughput, nanopore technology has the potential to enable de novo protein identification through single-molecule sequencing. However, a significant barrier to achieving this goal is controlling protein/peptide translocation through the nanopore sensor for processive strand analysis. Here, we review recent approaches that use a range of techniques, from oligonucleotide conjugation to molecular motors, aimed at driving protein strands and peptides through protein nanopores. We further discuss site-specific protein conjugation chemistry that could be combined with these translocation approaches as future directions to achieve single-molecule protein detection and sequencing of native proteins.
Keywords: Biochemistry; Bioorganic chemistry; Proteomics.
© 2021 The Author(s).