Statistical shape analysis of putamen in early-onset Parkinson's disease

Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2021 Oct:209:106936. doi: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2021.106936. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the shape differences in the putamen of early-onset Parkinson's patients compared with healthy controls and to assess and to assess sub-regional brain abnormalities.

Methods: This study was conducted using the 3-T MRI scans of 23 early-onset Parkinson's patients and age and gender matched control subjects. Landmark coordinate data obtained and Procrustes analysis was used to compare mean shapes. The relationships between the centroid sizes of the left and right putamen, and the durations of disease examined using growth curve models.

Results: While there was a significant difference between the right putamen shape of control and patient groups, there was not found a significant difference in terms of left putamen. Sub-regional analyses showed that for the right putamen, the most prominent deformations were localized in the middle-posterior putamen and minimal deformations were seen in the anterior putamen.

Conclusion: Although they were not as pronounced as those in the right putamen, the deformations in the left putamen mimic the deformations in the right putamen which are found mainly in the middle-posterior putamen and at a lesser extend in the anterior putamen.

Keywords: Early-onset; Magnetic resonance imaging; Parkinson’s disease; Putamen; Statistical shape analysis.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organ Size / physiology
  • Parkinson Disease / diagnostic imaging*
  • Putamen / diagnostic imaging*