Prediction of top round beef meat tenderness as a function of marinating time based on commonly evaluated parameters and regression equations

Food Sci Nutr. 2021 Jul 7;9(9):5006-5015. doi: 10.1002/fsn3.2454. eCollection 2021 Sep.

Abstract

This study investigates the influence of 24-hr marination (with different plant extracts and vinegar) at refrigerated conditions on commonly evaluated physicochemical and textural attributes, including pH, water-holding capacity (WHC), collagen solubility, moisture, drip loss, and shear force values of beef meat. The results reflected the appropriate correlation between each pair and indicated the efficiency of the household marination procedure to acquire more palatability and tender beef meat. Therefore, to predict beef meat tenderness by applying the Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF), a strong positive correlation with the drip loss (p < .01) and a notable negative correlation with the moisture content (p < .01) emphasized the importance of moisture improvement and shear force reduction in affecting tenderness of baked beef meat. The regression equations and R-squared values were revealed the favorable correlation between collagen solubility and WHC (y = 0.1035x-0.8431, R 2 = .98) as well as moisture and WBSF (y = -0.3297x + 102.58, R 2 = .99) in marinated beef meat. Electrophoresis patterns of isolated myofibrillar proteins disclosed remarkable degradation of myosin heavy chain (MHC), desmin, actin, and tropomyosin during the first day of aging. The noticeable ultrastructural destruction and connective tissue solubilization were observed by microscopy images. These outcomes were a good tenderness predictor be utilized in retailing and industrial scale.

Keywords: marinating time; natural tenderizer; regression equations; tenderness.