LINC01605, regulated by the EP300-SMYD2 complex, potentiates the binding between METTL3 and SPTBN2 in colorectal cancer

Cancer Cell Int. 2021 Sep 20;21(1):504. doi: 10.1186/s12935-021-02180-8.


Background: Colorectal cancer (CC) is one of the major contributors to tumor-related death worldwide, and its main cause of death is distant metastasis. Dysregulation of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) LINC01605 has been implicated in CC. However, its role in metastasis of CC remains elusive. The goal of the study is to uncover the biological function and molecular mechanism of LINC01605 in CC.

Methods: The differentially expressed lncRNAs were first screened from GSE97300, GSE84983, GSE110715, GSE70880, and GSE75970 microarrays. The correlation between the expression of LINC01605 and the clinical phenotypes of enrolled CC patients (n = 134) was subsequently analyzed. The upstream and downstream regulatory mechanisms of LINC01605 in CC were identified through bioinformatics and RNA-seq analyses. Finally, the effects of related factors on CC cell growth and metastasis were confirmed through functional validation experiments.

Results: LINC01605, significantly highly expressed in CC, was a prognostic factor for patients with CC. Functional experiments revealed that LINC01605 knockdown inhibited the proliferatory and metastatic potential of CC cells in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, LINC01605 was regulated by SMYD2-EP300-mediated modifications of histone H3K4me3 as well as H3K27ac. LINC01605 was found to bind to METTL3 and promote the m6A modification of SPTBN2 mRNA, thereby facilitating the translation of SPTBN2.

Conclusions: Overexpression of LINC01605, regulated by SMYD2-EP300-mediated H3K27ac and H3K4me3 modifications, bound to METTL3 protein to promote m6A modification of SPTBN2 mRNA, leading to the development of CC.

Keywords: Colorectal cancer; H3K27ac; H3K4me3; LINC01605; METTL3; SPTBN2; m6A.