Olfactory receptor Olfr78 (prostate-specific G protein-coupled receptor PSGR) expression in arterioles supplying skeletal and cardiac muscles and in arterioles feeding some murine organs

Histochem Cell Biol. 2021 Dec;156(6):539-553. doi: 10.1007/s00418-021-02032-6. Epub 2021 Sep 20.


The olfactory receptor Olfr78 (prostate-specific G protein-coupled receptor PSGR) is a member of the G protein-coupled receptor family mediating olfactory chemosensation, but it is additionally expressed in other tissues. Olfr78 expressed in kidney participates in blood pressure regulation, and in prostate it plays a role in the development of cancer. We here screened many organs/tissues of transgenic mice co-expressing β-galactosidase with Olfr78. X-gal-positive cells were detectable in smooth muscle cells of numerous arterioles of striated muscles (heart ventricles and skeletal muscles of various embryological origin). In addition, in most organs where we found expression of Olfr78 mRNA, X-gal staining was restricted to smooth muscle cells of small blood vessels. The dominant expression of Olfr78 in arteriolar smooth muscle cells supports the concept of an important role in blood pressure regulation and suggests a participation in the fine tuning of blood supply especially of striated muscles. This should be considered when targeting Olfr78 in other contexts such as prostate cancer.

Keywords: Arterioles; Mouse; Olfactory receptor Olfr78; Prostate-specific G protein-coupled receptor PSGR; Striated muscles; X-gal staining.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arterioles / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism*
  • Muscle, Smooth / metabolism*
  • Myocardium / metabolism*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Receptors, Odorant / genetics*
  • Receptors, Odorant / metabolism


  • Olfr78 protein, mouse
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Odorant