During the COVID-19 pandemic, resident well-being has been shown to be at risk, which may interfere with residents' process of professional development during their educational trajectory. Therefore, we developed a well-being program for residents, aimed to help residents maintain their well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. We explored residents' perceptions of their well-being as well as their perceived support of the well-being program during the COVID-19 pandemic. We invited all internal medicine residents and residents working in the ICU (N = 203) of one academic medical center to participate. The well-being program included a combination of (1) well-being measurements and (2) organizational support. The repeated well-being measurements involved a well-being survey on six measurement points from April to June 2020, and organizational support combined the provision of institutional interventions and promotion of individual strategies to help residents maintain their well-being during a pandemic. In total, 103 residents (50.1%) participated, showing that residents working in the ICU reported significantly lower levels of mental well-being than residents not working on the ICU. Furthermore, residents did not perceive the institutional interventions to benefit their well-being, while residents' reported engagement in individual strategies was significantly positively associated with their well-being. As ICU residents reported lower levels of mental well-being, well-being programs need to address ICU-specific stressors while enhancing supervision and peer support. Furthermore, the individual strategies of the well-being program should be tailored to residents' well-being needs as these were positively associated with resident well-being.
Keywords: Covid-19 pandemic; Well-being; interventions; medical education; organizational support; residents.