The enigma of phosphoinositides and their derivatives: Their role in regulation of subcellular compartment morphology

Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr. 2022 Feb 1;1864(1):183780. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2021.183780. Epub 2021 Sep 20.


The general segregation of a molecular class, lipids, from the pathways of cellular communication, via endo-membranes, has resulted in the over-simplification and misconceptions in deciphering cell signalling mechanisms. Mechanisms in signal transduction and protein activation require targeting of proteins to membranous compartments with a specific localised morphology and dynamics that are dependent on their lipid composition. Many posttranslational events define cellular behaviours and without the active role of membranous compartments these events lead to various dysregulations of the signalling pathways. We summarise the key findings, using tools such as the rapalogue dimerisation, in the structural roles and signalling of the inter-related phosphoinositide lipids and their derivative, diacylglycerol, in the regulation of nuclear envelope biogenesis and other subcellular compartments such as the nucleoplasmic reticulum.

Keywords: CLEM; Membrane fusion; Nuclear envelope; Nucleoplasmic reticula; Phosphoinositides; Rapalogue dimerisation tool.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cell Communication / genetics*
  • Membrane Lipids / genetics*
  • Nuclear Envelope / genetics
  • Phosphatidylinositols / genetics*
  • Signal Transduction / genetics*


  • Membrane Lipids
  • Phosphatidylinositols