Research on the Compatibility of Bamboo and Portland Cement

ACS Omega. 2021 Sep 2;6(36):23636-23642. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.1c04038. eCollection 2021 Sep 14.


This paper researches the compatibility of bamboo and Portland cement by measuring the hydration temperature of Portland cement. Meanwhile, bamboo shavings and Portland cement, which were utilized as main raw materials, were prepared into bamboo Portland cement particle boards through cold compression forming, so as to further verify the compatibility of bamboo and Portland cement and research the practicability of preparing bamboo Portland cement particle boards by using bamboo. Research studies show that bamboo contain water-soluble saccharides, such as polysaccharide, disaccharide, and glucose, and organic carboxylic acids, such as formic acid and acetic acid. Water-soluble saccharides are converted into saccharic acid after dissolving in water, then a saccharide-calcium complex with a pompon-like structure is formed through a reaction between saccharic acid and calcium ions of Portland cement hydrates, and the saccharide-calcium complex covers the surfaces of the cement particles and prevents further hydration of the cement, achieving a certain anticoagulation effect on Portland cement; a chelation reaction between the carboxyl of the organic carboxylic acid and the calcium ions of Portland cement hydrates takes place and the concentration of calcium ions in the hydration system is reduced, which exerts an influence on further hydration process of Portland cement and achieves a certain anticoagulation effect. Because of the poor compatibility of Portland cement and bamboo, the physical and mechanical properties of bamboo Portland cement particle boards prepared from bamboo shavings and Portland cement directly cannot meet the requirements of the national standards (GB/T24312-2009) of cement particle boards.