Repetitive trauma-induced extra-nuchal-type fibroma

Skeletal Radiol. 2022 Mar;51(3):681-685. doi: 10.1007/s00256-021-03912-7. Epub 2021 Sep 23.


A nuchal-type fibroma is a rare, benign fibrous tumour that typically occurs in the posterior neck along the midline, but can occur in extra-nuchal locations, most commonly in the back, shoulder and face. We present a biopsy-proven case that arose as a result of heavy gym-related activities. In particular, a heavy barbell was rested on his vertebral prominence at the level of C7/T1 during leg squatting. Repetitive trauma as a cause for extra-nuchal-type fibromas has been sparsely reported, but we suggest that sustained high pressure is an additional required feature. Although this lesion was in the posterior neck, it was contained entirely within the subcutaneous tissues without involvement of the nuchal ligament. Hence, it was considered an extra-nuchal fibroma. A description of key ultrasound and MRI imaging characteristics are provided to assist in making the diagnosis, along with a review of the current literature and a discussion of differential diagnoses.

Keywords: Gardner; Nuchal fibroma; Repetitive trauma.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Fibroma* / diagnostic imaging
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms*
  • Humans
  • Neck
  • Skin Neoplasms*
  • Soft Tissue Neoplasms*