Background and objective: Some studies observed a benefit of PD patients after treatment with safinamide in some non-motor symptoms. Our aim was to analyze the effectiveness of safinamide on sleep and daytime sleepiness in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients.
Material and methods: SAFINONMOTOR is a prospective open-label single-arm study conducted in 5 centers from Spain. In this analysis, a secondary objective of the study, the score in the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) at V1 (baseline) and V4 (6 months ± 1 month) were compared.
Results: Fifty patients were included between May/2019 and February/2020 (age 68.5 ± 9.12 years; 58% women; 6.4 ± 5.1 years from diagnosis). At 6 months, 44 patients completed the follow-up (88%). The PSQI total score was reduced by 19.8% (from 10.43 ± 4.02 at V1 to 8.36 ± 4.41 at V4; p = 0.001). By domains, improvement was observed in subjective sleep quality (PSQI-C1; - 23.9%; p = 0.009), sleep latency (PSQI-C2; - 25%; p = 0.025), sleep duration (PSQI-C3; - 40%; p = 0.001), and habitual sleep efficiency (PSQI-C4; - 25.9%; p = 0.023). A significant reduction (- 24.7%) in the ESS total score from V1 to V4 was observed as well (from 9.20 ± 5.64 to 6.93 ± 5.11; p = 0.012). Specifically, the improvement in daytime sleepiness was observed in sitting and reading (p = 0.024) and sitting inactive in a public space (p = 0.027). A total of 21 adverse events in 11 patients (22%) were reported, 5 of which were severe (not related to safinamide).
Conclusion: Safinamide was well-tolerated and improved sleep and daytime sleepiness in PD patients at 6 months.
Keywords: Effectiveness; Non-motor symptoms; Parkinson’s disease; Safinamide; Sleep; Somnolence.
© 2021. Fondazione Società Italiana di Neurologia.