Expression and Tumor-Promoting Effect of Tyrosine Phosphatase Receptor Type N (PTPRN) in Human Glioma

Front Oncol. 2021 Sep 7;11:676287. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.676287. eCollection 2021.

Abstract

Tyrosine phosphatase receptor type N (PTPRN) plays an important role in the regulation of the secretion pathways of various neuroendocrine cells. Moreover, PTPRN was demonstrated to play a crucial role in the initiation and progression of the signalling cascade regulating cell function. In this study, fifty-seven glioma patients were enrolled for clinical and prognostic analyses. The cell phenotype was determined by cell proliferation and migration assays. RNA-seq, co-IP and mass spectrometry were used to study the molecular mechanism of the effects of PTPRN on cell proliferation and metastasis. The result showed that High expression of PTPRN indicated a poor prognosis of high-grade glioma. PTPRN downregulation reduced the proliferation and migration of glioma cells, and PTPRN overexpression induced the proliferation and migration of glioma cells. PTPRN knockdown decreased tumor growth in a mouse xenograft model. Effect of PTPRN knockdown on the transcriptome was studied in U87 glioma cells. PTPRN activated the PI3K/AKT pathway by interacting with HSP90AA1. In conclusion, PTPRN is an important proliferation- and metastasis-promoting factor. Reducing the expression of PTPRN in glioma cells can be used as a potential therapeutic strategy.

Keywords: Akt; GSEA; PTPRN; RNA-seq; glioma.