Evaluating the implementation of interdisciplinary patient-centred care intervention for people with multimorbidity in primary care: a qualitative study

BMJ Open. 2021 Sep 24;11(9):e046914. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046914.


Objective: A patient-centred care interdisciplinary pragmatic intervention to support self-management for patients with multimorbidity was implemented in one region of Quebec, Canada. This embedded study aimed to evaluate the process of implementation.

Design: A descriptive qualitative study was conducted in 2016-2017 using semistructured individual interviews. The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) was used to guide the data coding, analysis and reporting of the findings.

Setting: The study took place in seven Family Medicine Groups in one region (Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean) of Quebec, Canada.

Participants: Ten managers (including two family physicians) and 19 healthcare professionals (HCPs), nurses, kinesiologists, nutritionists and a respiratory therapist, were interviewed.

Results: Many key elements within the five CFIR domains were identified as impacting the implementation of the intervention : (1) intervention characteristics-evidence strength and quality, design quality and packaging, relative advantage and complexity; (2) outer setting-patients' needs and resources, external policies and incentives; (3) inner setting-structural characteristics, networks and communication, culture, compatibility, readiness for implementation and leadership engagement; (4) characteristics of the managers and HCPs-knowledge and belief about the intervention; (5) process-planning, opinion leaders, formally appointed internal implementation leaders, reflecting and evaluating.

Conclusion: This study revealed the organisational and contextual aspects of the implementation based on different and complementary perspectives. With the growing demand for interdisciplinary teams in primary care, we believe that our insights will be helpful for practices, researchers, and policymakers interested in the implementation of disease prevention and management programmes for people with multiple chronic conditions in primary care.

Trial registration number: NCT02789800.

Keywords: general medicine (see internal medicine); organisation of health services; primary care; qualitative research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Delivery of Health Care
  • Humans
  • Multimorbidity*
  • Patient-Centered Care
  • Primary Health Care*
  • Qualitative Research

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02789800