Untangling the complexities of micropapillary cancer

J Pathol. 2021 Dec;255(4):343-345. doi: 10.1002/path.5809. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Abstract

Distinct morphological subtypes of colorectal cancer (CRC) confer a bleak clinical outlook. In a recent issue of The Journal of Pathology, Onuma et al investigated morphological evolution of a highly fatal CRC subtype known as micropapillary cancer (MPC). This study enhances understanding of MPC biology including essential regulatory signals, cellular and multicellular phenotypes, as well as cancer behaviour. Iterative modelling in three-dimensional (3D) patient-derived CRC tissue-originated spheroids (CTOSs) revealed spatiotemporal oscillations of Rho-ROCK hyperactivity underlying reversal of membrane polarity and suppression of lumen formation during development of multicellular MPC morphology. Corroborative studies in CTOSs, xenografts, and archival human CRCs confirm human disease relevance. Although cancer morphology has previously been considered irreversible, targeted inhibition of Rho-ROCK activity restored membrane polarity, lumenized multicellular assembly, and suppressed MPC morphology in 3D CTOS cultures and xenografts. Collectively, the study identifies molecular, biophysical, and multicellular mechanisms implicated in morphological evolution of micropapillary CRC. © 2021 The Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Keywords: cell polarity; colorectal neoplasms; morphogenesis; organoids.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Comment

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma of Lung*
  • Carcinoma, Papillary*
  • Cell Polarity
  • Colorectal Neoplasms*
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms*