Selected transient receptor potential channel genes' expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of multiple sclerosis

Hum Exp Toxicol. 2021 Dec;40(12_suppl):S406-S413. doi: 10.1177/09603271211043476. Epub 2021 Sep 26.

Abstract

Transient receptor potential channels have responsibilities in many cellular processes such as cytokine production, cell differentiation, and cytotoxicity by affecting intracellular cation levels or intracellular signal pathways. Multiple sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune central nervous system (CNS) disease caused by environmental and genetic factors. In this study, we aim to investigate TRPV1-TRPV4, TRPM2, TRPM4, TRPM7, TRPC6, and TRPA1 mRNA expression levels, which are associated with the inflammatory process, in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients. Thirty-five healthy controls and age-gender matched thirty patients with RRMS were involved in the study. TRPC6, TRPA1, TRPM2, TRPM4, TRPM7, TRPV1, TRPV2, TRPV3, and TRPV4 PBMCs mRNA expression levels were determined by qPCR. In the present study, the TRPC6, TRPM7, TRPV1, TRPV3, and TRPV4 mRNA expressions of RRMS patients in PBMCs decreased at a significant level compared to the healthy control group (p = .000, p = .000, p = .044, p = .000, p = .004, respectively). The decreased expression of TRPC6, TRPM7, TRPV1, TRPV3, and TRPV4 in PBMCs may be associated with the pathogenesis of MS. Further studies are required to understand the mechanism of the relation between these TRP channels and MS and other autoimmune diseases.

Keywords: Multiple sclerosis; TRP channels; peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs); relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Leukocytes, Mononuclear / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Transient Receptor Potential Channels / genetics
  • Transient Receptor Potential Channels / metabolism*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Transient Receptor Potential Channels